So, as per the likes of Romila Thapars, Irfan Habibs and the Guhas, the best thing to ever happen in medieval India ever was the reign of Mughals. The Mughals supposedly unleashed a never before witnessed era of development in India as per the canards floated by the leftist historians in India. But a little scrutiny in the deeds of the Mughal rulers exposes the truth about their misdeeds and how they were little interested in the welfare of their subjects.
The Mughal history is marred with cases of fratricide with Mughal princes fighting like chickens for the throne amongst themselves. How a ruler who was least bothered about his brother, son and father while fighting for the throne would care for the welfare for his subjects? Below are some examples
1. Every ruler from Babur to Bahadur Shah Zafar was involved in court intrigue and plotted to kill his own relatives and ironically they are called as ‘Greats’.
2. Aurangzeb is notorious because he killed his elder brother Dara Shikoh and exiled his father Shahjahan but this is what Shahjahan bequeathed upon Aurangzeb as a legacy which in turn was passed onto him by his own father Jahangir who in turn learnt it from Akbar who inturn learnt it from his father Humayun.
3. Babur divided his territories between his sons Kamran, Askari, Hindal and Humayun.
After being beaten at the battle of Kannauj, Humayun retreated to Lahore that was being ruled by his half brothers Kamran and Askari. Brother Kamran refused to support a battered Humayun and offered Sher Shah, Humayun’s enemy his support.
4. Humayun escaped to Persia to whose leader Kamran offered Kandhar if he handed him over Humayun.
5. Humayun fought against him and defeated him. When he was handed over by Islam Shah to Humayun, the benevolent ruler blinded Kamran with his own hands by piercing a lancet in his eye socket and rubbed the wounds in his eyes with lemon juice and salt. He deported him to Hajj where he died a unknown death.
6. Humayun married off his Brother’s daughter to his son Jalal.
7. Taking a cue, Akbar executed Kamran’s son and his cousin at Gwalior in 1565 as recorded by Vincent Smith in his work, Akbar,the great Moghul, p.20.
8. The trend now crept in and towards the end of his reign, Akbar faced a rebellion while he was on his Deccan campaign. On learning that son Jahangir had marched towards Agra to crown himself as the King, father Akbar left his campaign in between and just made to Agra in time.
9. Fearing retribution, Jahangir returned to Allahabad and engaged himself in opium and alcohol addictions. Jahangir’s brothers Daniyal and Murad died in their early manhood due to their alcohol and opium excess.
10. Fed up with his alcohol and opium addictions, Akbar decided to pass on the mantle to his grandson and Jahangir’s son Khusru. Khusru rebelled against his father Jahangir and left for Punjab. On getting caught, father Jahangir blinded him by sewing his eyes and placed him under house arrest. Jahangir also executed Guru Arjan Dev for rendering support to Khusru.
11. After sometime, Jahangir relaxed the restrictions on Khusru who was still eyeing the throne. Khusru again plotted the death of his father but again failed.
12. Shahjahan, his brother grew jealous of him and plotted his death after securing his custody in 1622.
13. Shahjahan did not stop at this. He used Khusru’s son, Dawar as a pawn in the game of fratricide once Jahangir died in 1627.
14. Shahriyar, who was the son of Jahangir had emerged as a challenger to Shahjahan. In order to buy time, Shahjahan who was not in Lahore at that time, got Dawar declared as the next king of Mughal empire. Once he got control of situation after eliminating Shahriyar, he dethroned Dawar and executed him along with the sons of his uncle Daniyal in whom he saw threat to his throne.
15. Aurangzeb (who would be dealt with in a separate article) is portrayed as the most nasty of all the Mughal Kings was as regular in his behaviour towards his family as his predecessors.
So, the correctness of the logic behind naming of roads after Mughal scions needs to be questioned. However, the Mughals need not be erased from the history but be taught as classical examples of treachery, bigotry and tyrannical reign of foreigners who enslaved the Indians for more than 3 centuries.
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PS : All facts presented in post have been taken from autobiographies of Mughal rulers, biographies by Mughals’ own historians and most authentic scholars on Mughal history. So if these facts don’t gel well with the picture of great Mughals fighting for their love and public welfare as portrayed in bollywood movies, know that you have now entered the world of hard facts and reality.
This article has been contributed for Agniveer by Rahul Tripathi, an old friend and supporter. Rahul is expert on Mughal history and religious extremism.