Ancient History of Mehrauli and Inscriptions on the Iron Pillar
Many other historians have also approved the minaret was a temple observatory site and the iron pillar opposite the Qutub Minar with Sanskrit inscriptions. The Sanskrit inscriptions in ancient Brahmi script speak of King Chandragupta II’s victory over the world, proclaiming him as Emperor of India. Chandragupta was also known as the great Emperor Vikramaditya. He was the son of Samudra Gupta, and his grandfather was the legendary Chandra Gupta I.
The pillar was also known as Vikram Sthambha or tower of victory. The inscriptions on the iron pillar are clear evidence of its ancient Hindu origin, dating back to centuries before the time of the Moghul invaders.
Ancient historical texts credit King Vikramaditya’s mentor, minister and astrologer in chief (Jyotishacharya) named Varahamihira as the mastermind behind the creation of the Vedashala at Mehrauli. Varahamihira was a great scholar, teacher, mentor, and Guru, who comprised the nine gems or Navratna or legendary courtiers at Emperor Vikramaditya’s court.
The ancient town where the Dhruv Sthambha and surrounding 27 temples are located, was called Mihiravalli named after the great astrologer Varahamihira. Today, Mihiravalli is colloquially pronounced as Mehrauli after years of linguistic morphosis due to foreign invaders, foreign influence, dilutions, and distortions.
Architectural Evidence and Aerial Archeological Survey
Professor M.S Bhatnagar of Ghaziabad hired a private helicopter in 1964 and did an aerial survey of the Qutub Minar. He inspected the Qutub Minar from the top and found that the side erections of the minaret were engraved with giant 24 leaves lotus shaped carvings, engraved with yantras with clear symbols of Hindu architecture. Each petal of the lotus flower represented a Hora or ancient measurement of time.
The late historian, Prof P. N. Oak, says in his works that the Qutub Minar which is surrounded by 27 Hindu and Jain temples was also an astronomical observatory or Vedhshala, where research and study of Vedas were carried out by scientists, astronomers, astrologers, and Vedic scholars.
As per Ancient Hindu astronomy and astrology, there are 27 constellations or Nakshatras. There existed 27 temples dedicated to the 27 Hindu constellations around the Qutub Minar. Numerous mathematical calculations and Vedic formulae are found engraved on the tower as well as the surrounding structures when observed aerially. Prof. Oak’s studies state that the Hindu temple observatory existed centuries before Qutubuddin Aibak.
The minaret also has 27 carved levels with sun-roofs to scientifically study the movement of each of the star constellations or Nakshatras. The light and shadow cast by the light of the sun and night stars from the sun-roofs were observed and studied by the ancient Hindu astronomers, scientists and research scholars of Sanskrit and Dravida Vedas.
The pillar or Sthambha acted as a sundial by casting its shadow to study at various mathematical, astronomical, astrological and climatic changes at different times of the day and year, e.g., Summer and winter solstices, vernal or spring and autumn equinoxes, etc.
Archeologists, historians, and researchers who have studied, researched and written about the site and the surrounding areas, have concluded that the Vedic Observatory and the surrounding Hindu and Jain temples, existed centuries before the existence of Qutubuddin Aibak, Ghori or their Moghul ancestors.
This article is authored by Prerna Thiruvaipati ji.