Agniveer Sanskrit
Agniveer Sanskrit

Agniveer is pleased to introduce lessons in Sanskrit for general consumption. This is a course for 20 months and we shall keep adding lessons in beginning of each month.

The course is intended towards those who understand Devanagari script and know simple English. No familiarity in Sanskrit is assumed. However those who have faint memories of Sanskrit in their school days would be able to grasp the initial lessons faster.

Sanskrit forms the foundation of our culture (not only for India but for entire humanity), it being the language of the oldest literature known to humanity. We hope these lessons would help most of us come closer to our roots.

Just few tips on speedy learning:

a. Do not get too bogged down by grammar and usage while you learn Sanskrit. Often Sanskrit is considered to be all about mugging up lots of declensions and conjugations and this fears off most students. Instead take is as a natural language. Feel free to make the most blatant grammatical errors so far you are able to convey your message. Develop a feel for the language instead of thinking about grammar.

How did we learn Hindi or English or our mother tongue? Did we learn grammar first or language first? And do we speak these languages in a grammatically correct fashion even today? Why burden Sanskrit with overdose of grammar in very beginning then?

Simply start talking on every other thing in Sanskrit and enjoy the funny pronunciations you make or blatant errors you make in grammar. Have a laugh on that and simply continue. Soon you will develop a natural grip over the language and grammar will be automatically taken care of.

b. Try using Sanskrit words even in your mother language. After all Sanskrit is the mother of all languages. Let the children associate with their Mom and have their foundations strengthened! And in process, your road to mastery of Sanskrit will also be traversed faster.

c. Download a copy of Introduction to Vedas (Hindi) from if you know Hindi. This is an amazing text not only to understand Vedic concepts but learn Sanskrit naturally. Because most sections of the book are presented in very simple Sanskrit as well as Hindi. In some sections there are deviations in Sanskrit and Hindi message and it would be a good idea to explore those areas and form the right opinion!

If we find interest in this pilot, we would also work towards web-based live classroom teaching on Sanskrit, a Sanskrit course for Hindi students as well as an expert course on Vedic Grammar. May Ishwar provide us strength for all this.

Download: Sanskrut Lesson 1 to 9 – Month 1

For supplements, download from

Source of Lessons – Sri Chitrapur Math

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  1. Thank you very much. It would be lovely to have a group to talk in Sanskrit. Anybody has any suggestion? Skype? We need to talk and practise, so that we can become fluent and make Sanskrit popular

  2. Sir, I am reading your lessons on Sanskrit and got a doubt. as in Sanskrit, word order does not matter. Then what is the meaning of सा मंदिरम अभित जनान पष्यति । Sorry, i couldnt put ‘visarg’ after ‘abhit’ and spelled ‘pashyati’ wrong. Does it mean ‘she sees people around the temple’ or ‘she sees temple around the people’?

    One more: सज्जनौ दुरजनौ तुदत । (there is a visarg after tudat). But does it mean ‘two bad men trouble two good men’ or ‘two good men trouble two good men’?

    Pls clear, Sir.

  3. I read a post on quora. There Guru Drona was not treated with respect. I want to read Mahabharata complete and make the world realise what our Veds , Puranas are really. So please help me. I just know hindi well.

    Thank You

  4. thank you for this post
    had been looking for something like this because it is the base of our culture
    and the lessons are very easy and conceptual i learnt these 9 lessons in less than 3 days which makes learning sanskrit very inspiring
    thank you again

  5. What do you all think of this professor who says Sanskrit is taught only to the Brahmins, and wants to change that with a scholarship he created and is looking for further funding.

    Why do you think such a professor deliberately ignores all the efforts made by Indians by Hindus by the government of India all these years to bring Sankrit to everyone who wants to learn it? The impression one gets after reading this article is that it is he alone that is bringing Sanskrit outside of the priesthood. Notice for all his talk of the Dalits not having the opportunity to learn Sanskrit and naming the scholarship after the former Dalit Ambedekar, the first person he gave the scholarship to was not a Dalit, or any under privileged Hindu, but to a Muslim girl. Which is fine but this white professor shouldn’t pretend to be some champion of Dalits who are Hindu.

  6. Om,
    Everyone who wants to learn sanskrit looks for good books,materials et al,but the sacred scriputers say ,
    First & the very important condition to learn sanskrit is BRAHMACHARYA(ब्रहमचरय),because many learn ,many things daily,but those are the blessed who first follow brahmacharya ,and then perform worldly duties,because of brahmacharya ,you give your mind a boost like a rocket launcher ,so if some study the sacred language without brahmacharya his study is fultile,you can see there are vedas,upnishads with are written with full blown celibacy as the time move we have less efficient work on sanskrit ,so in the present day you can see all are tamsic,even those scientist who are interested sanskrit are tamsic some are willing to study sanskrit to beat his competetor,some because of igo (panditness) any many other reasons,because those who study sacred language or even other their study will go in vain without brahmacharya like ravan ,who was learned pandit devotee of Shivji ,from whose damru the the alphabet of devnagri came with sound, the customs ,language ,traditions behind the people of Bharat has very deep spritual scientific meaning,because their ancestors performed the biggest,toughest yama i.e. brahmacharya, SO THE BIG FAT TIP TO ALL SINCERE LEARNERS OF SANSKRIT PRACTICE PRACTICE &PRACTICE BRAHMACHARYA ,as Swami vivekanada says by celibacy all learning can be mastered in a very short time,
    Also somebody has given the comment that swami dayananda learned sanskrit directly from their mother or local language without even knowning hindi. So the secret behind is BRAHMACHARYA not the books ,youtube video or any website.
    Hari ॐ Peace be upon all.

  7. Hi Agniveer,
    Thanks for uploading this.. I always had a desire to learn Sanskrit. Unfortunately, it was not a part of my curriculum and I couldn’t find the right material. I just finished reading the first pdf and found it to be useful. I have also read some of your blogs and they are pretty interesting. Looks like you have one more fan. Keep up the good work.
    Thank you.

  8. I had a doubt in the first month lessons:
    Since “The verb has to agree with the subject,” why do we need to have different form of verb for different “vachans(number)” or “purush(peerson)” ? The information about vachan(and purush) is conveyed by the subject, just as the information about gender is conveyed. Why do we have to put the information of vachan and purush in the verb as well, but not the information of gender ?
    Isnt this a redundancy ?

  9. @Agniveer.. . yes i want to learn sanskrit. . but here material is given in english.. i know but many people don’t know it. .
    Please translate all you material into hindi. . so that. . it can be widely spread .. !!!!

    same thing can apply on you website. . its in english. .. please make your site in Hindi version as well .. .

  10. Dear Teacher, (Sanskrut Lessons)

    Nasmaskaram to you… Namaskaromi!!! (I got the first person right) right?? I am learning vedas and wanted to get into understanding it more clearly esp. usage… I get to read the meaning or sentence translation. You have given us the first opportunity to students like me.. to learn it in an interesting and funny way but effective way.
    I liked the way you have explanation in Chatper 7 “ Sanskritofying English” I think it is a way of making student understand a language when his mind is full of english… due to modern education system)
    I do use cricket to explain business processes to consultants which student will remember… “learning is never new.,… you learn something from which you already know” goes a saying..
    Thanks for you efforts. one question “when we say suklam bharadharam vishnum (sloka for Ganesh) .. we say prasanna vadhanam dhyyeadh .. why it is not dhyayame… yeadh.. plural comes in !!! Is there any gross misunderstanding from me or requires some expl. thanks Sethuraman Mumbai

  11. Absolutely fantastic style of teaching sanskrit to beginners. Keep it up! This style is very appealing to the younger generation to learn a new language. Most sites that I have come across sound too ‘serious’ in their narration….

  12. I am only writing to let you be aware of what a perfect encounter my child went through visiting yuor web blog. She discovered too many pieces, which included what it’s like to possess an ideal coaching character to let others without hassle know various advanced subject matter. You truly surpassed readers’ expected results. I appreciate you for delivering those invaluable, trusted, explanatory not to mention easy tips on that topic to Kate.

  13. Dear Sir,

    I had resolved to learn Sanskrit this year. This website s a god sent gift to me. I am half way through the first month, your style of writing s impressive. computer nerds might understand what i am saying. Its like reading head first series.

    Thanks a ton!

  14. i know hindi but i cant speak well hindi do i have to learn the characters first and then start i have done my schooling from a hostel so dont know how to write hindi very well

  15. Hari OM

    While surfing on internet i have came across the following link

    which also help the students like me to learn the Sanskrit.

    In the above link it is stated that

    In Sanskrit, the vowels form an independent group from the consonants. There are fifteen vowels which comprise of five short ones, eight long ones and two support vowels. Among these fifteen, only thirteen are in normal use these days.

    But, In your Month 1 _Lesson 1 to 9 on page no 2nd it is stated that swares or vovels are sixteen in numbers kindly make my dobut clear

    I would welcome your comments.

    Bharat A. Parmar
    Never limit your view of life by any past experience.

  16. Really great work by Agniveer ji,

    Language derives whole culture.
    unlike west, here Sanskrit had build the culture of faith where qualities of people were considered rather than their outlook.

  17. I have downloaded the learn sanskrit tutorials 1 to 6. Please inform me how to get the supplements mentioned in the same.

    • I find this a very good & easy tutorial to learn Sanskrit. Great work ! I tried learning Sanskrit earlier but found it very difficult. Now I can live my dream. This tutorial has made it very interesting & easy to learn Sanskrit. But only 1 problem is that I cannot find the supplements mentioned in the tutorials. Pls. inform how to download them. I tried getting a grammar text book, but did not find it very good. I would appreciate if you could help me.
      Thanks for the wonderful job you have done to help spread the Sanskrit language.

  18. The correct order is श, ष, स as the first one is pronounced from the place nearer to our vocal cord while the last one from the farthest.

    श is called तालव्य श which is pronounced by touching tongue to the spot in palate which is also used to pronounce चवर्ग (च, छ, ज, झ, ञ). The spot is called तालु and hence श is called तालव्य, the one pronounced from तालु।

    Similarly, ष is called मूर्धन्य i.e. the one pronounced by touching the tongue to मूर्धा, the spot used to pronounce टवर्ग (ट, ठ, ड, ढ, ण) and is just above the root of the upper teethline.

    स is called दंत्य i.e. pronounced from दन्त (tooth) and the spot is obviously the upper and the lower teethlines.

  19. Namaste,

    Could you please review clearly the pronunciations of the different स, श, ष sounds.
    Also I had a question about the way “Om” is written. Some people use “ओम” and some simply use ओं too. Also there is a symbol in between which only Arya Samajis use when they write AUM which looks a bit like an inverted epsilon with a tail. Could you explain its use as well please.

  20. Finally I am back to this truthful knowledgeable site after a busy phase, yes, sanskrit lessons is a must, since it will help us read Vedas in the original scripture

    • प्रिय अस्माकम भ्राता,

      अतिशय धन्यवादम्। अहं हर्षातिरेकेन अभिभूतों अस्मि। यद्यपि अहं एतस्य सोफ़्ट्वेयरस्य प्रयोगे निष्णात न अस्मि तथापि कालेन सह भविष्यामि।

  21. Great to see renewed interest. I just stopped by to say that I just read an English translation/commentary on the Kathopanishad (I cannot understand Sanskrit…although it is on my to-do list) by published by the Ramakrishna Math (Chennai). Got to say that I was simply amazed at the allegorical duel between Nachiketa and Yama. The concept of Brahman is laid out quite stunningly in the Upanishad.I invite all Muslim/Christian brothers to rediscover the greatness of their ancestral faiths via the Upanishads/Vedas, initially possibly through a translation, and eventually in Sanskrit itself. Sarvam etad Brahman.Ayam Atma Brahman.

  22. Agniveerji, in the document you have posted लृ is said to be a vowel. Why is लृ considered a vowel ? Is it not same as ल् + ऋ ?

  23. can you give audio tape of lesson it would help most as I am a native English speaker and took much time even to pronounce a certain range of words over 9 yeas living in India namely the dentals and still with difficulty. it would be helpful great deal for audio or you tube video with lessons as others have asked. I am half way through the lessons hopefully I will finish soon.
    Thanks Guru agniveer

  24. Namaste Agniveer Ji,

    Glad to see that now we can learn Sanskrit online. Thanks for ur kind efforts.
    I have a confusion. What is the difference between श and ष ?

    • Very simply, श is pronounced by putting tip of tongue below the lower teethline. ष is pronounced by putting the tip of tongue on the top of the palate (near the place where you touch the tip to tongue to pronounce ड). There are other locations but this is easiest to understand.

      • Respected Agniveerjee,

        The firs ‘S’ in the question is called Talavya which is pronounced from the spot in palate which is used to pronounce ‘Chavarga’ (ch, chh, j, jh etc). The spot called Taalu and hence this ‘S’ is called Talavya, the one pronounced from Taalu. Similarly, the second ‘S’ written above is called ‘Murdhanya’ i.e. the one pronounced from Murdha, the spot used to pronounce ‘Tavarga’ and is just above the upper teethline. The ‘S’ that is not mentioned and is more common is called ‘Dantya’ i.e. pronounced from the ‘Dant’ (tooth) and the spot is between the upper and the lower teethlines.

        Similarly, we can differentiate between the last letters in the various vargas such as Kavarga (K, Kh, G, Gh etc.), Chavargas and Tavargas (as elucidated above), soft tavargas which ends in N and lastly the Pavargas (P,Ph, B, Bh and M).

        I am sorry not to be able to write the letters of Hindi alphabets as I don’t know how to write them from the keypad. I will be thankful to somebody who can help me in this regard.

        OM Shantih-3

        OM Shantih-3

      • Satyen Ji,

        I am afraid only google transliteration would help writing in Devanagri Script. And from there you will have to copy-paste

      • you can easily turn on the regional language in your pc from control panel. then use inbuilt virtual keyboard for typing hind letters!!

  25. Great attempt Agniveer ji !!!!!!!!. No word to express my happiness. I was really searching for one such sanskrit e-learning link.But u urself have started one .Thank u so much .

  26. Thanks, I will confess when I was in class VIII I hated Sanskrit as a useless, backward and obsolete language just waste of my time. Now I am so ashamed to even remember things I said about sanskrit.

  27. I can’t tell u hw happy I’m to see this! I wanna be able to understand n speak spoken Sanskrut and understand the Bhagvad Geeta and Veds and recite them beautifully! 🙂


  29. I have scanned the Lesson 1 posted Agniveer and even repost the link on my facebook page so that others can look at the lesson.My issue is this – whilst the explanations are given in english – is there someone who can post some videos on these lessons giving the audio of the Hindi and sanskrit words ? In this way the lesson becomes audio plus texts to go with it .This can be a powerful tool for english speaking nationals with an interest in learning Sanskrit.My suggestions can be rebutted with a ” well make effort to know hindi ” but think about how much more user friendly such a lesson would be to a western audience who wants to make that journey in learning sanskrit.A youtube video of someone just going thru lesson 1 line by line and pausing with the basic hindi and sanskrit pronounciations can really set the pace for greater growth in the west learning sanskrit.I

    • Good going bro, every one must learn sanskrit and start talking, walking, eating, sleeping, dreaming in it and about it.

    • Not necessarily. Swami Dayanand learnt Sanskrit first and then Hindi long after. Understanding Devanagri script is a must. But yes, if you know Hindi, it would be easier to grasp.

      • Respected Sir,


        I have a doubt – how to pronounce this word ? – संस्कृत । I mean is it Sanskrit or Sanskrut ? Kindly explain …


      • Many those who don’t know Sanskrit want to defame it. They try to encorporate some ambiguity in Sanskrit by asking – संस्कृत – is it Sanskrit OR Sanskrut OR Samskrit OR Samskrut ? Actually, English cannot be used to speak it. No English phonetic can ever match to that of this divine language.

        Brother प्रणाम ! Don’t get confused. You speak it either Sanskrit OR Sanskrut. No problem even if you call it Samskrut. That ambiguity is only due to impact of modern languages. संस्कृत should not be blamed for it. That’s what I guess – Let AGNIVEER Sir and other scholars throw some light on it.

      • In this context, it would be pronounced as as Samskritam. But if you want your pronunciation more perfect, The vowel in Kr is between u and i in its Vedic pronunciation. But this pronunciation was lost/uncommon even by the time of Panini (2000 B.C. as per Indic sources). The language got name ‘Samskitam’ when it developed into is classical version. So fair enough, you must call it Samskritam.

        Now about your ‘n’ and ‘m’ doubt. The anuswara which hindi speakers misuse as always ‘n’ sound is the mother of this confusion. It is anuswara. It is pure nasal sound. But to explain this in mere words would be difficult. I must give you general rule.
        In devngari/Brahmi like alphabet there are horizontal groups of letters based on position of tongue pronouncing them. See – क, ख, ग, घ, ङ for example. So when it is written गंगा, the anuswara falls on गा, making it ‘Ganga’. In sanskrit it is written always as गङ्गा. Though it would be correct enough to write it in गंगा form too.
        When anuswara falls on प, फ, ब, भ, म or य,र,ल,व or स, श, स, ह, it is becomes म्. If there is nothing after the anuswara in line (ie, it is last word in line) or it is used alone, so again it becomes म्.
        This rule is not really something to rote learn. If you pronounce the anuswara properly, it would automatically work.

  30. I was lookin for an online course like this. Thanks for introducing Sanskrit for general public. You are doing a great job for all.

    Please put a sound file or youtube video for the sounds of each letter.

    Looking forward for the “web-based live classroom teaching on Sanskrit”.

  31. One of the best thing you are doing is this..
    Every Hindu needs to learn Sanskrit.
    Please put videos on Youtube etc so that people can follow you.
    Grammer +Asthadhayi +Shiva Sutras etc.. I am not much versed with Sanskrit but trying to lean it..
    great Job and Keep at it.
    Videos on Youtube etc are a Must.. as they help a lot

    • Sanskrit is indeed one of the world’s greatest treasure.

      UNO HAS DECLARED THUS: Sanskrit is the Mother of all languages. About 97% of world languages have been directly or indirectly influenced by this language.
      Prof. Dean Brown and Will Durant calls Sanskrit the mother of European language. There are at least 30,000 words in English from Sanskrit origin as per Oxford dictionary. points out a few of them.

      America has a University dedicated to Sanskrit and the NASA too has a department in it to research on Sanskrit manuscripts.

      NASA HAS STATED THUS: The only unambiguously language spoken on this planet is Sanskrit. Rick Briggs, key scientist of NASA Union points out::: As we shall see, there was a language once upon a time spoken by an ancient scientific community and yet having a deviation of 0. That language is Sanskrit. It was spoken continuously for at least 10,000 years.

      Forbes Magazine, July 1987 reports: Sanskrit is most precise and most computer friendly language. It is most suited for Artificial Intelligence softwares and Computer Operating Systems

      There is a report by a NASA scientist that America is creating 6th and 7th generation super computers based on Sanskrit language. Project deadline is 2025 for 6th generation and 2034 for 7th generation computer.

      The language is rich in most advanced science, contained in their books called Vedas, Upanishads, Mahabharata, Ramayana etc. (Ref: Russian State University)



      Learning of Sanskrit improves brain functioning. Students start getting better marks in other subjects like Mathematics, Science etc., which some people…

      • Learning of Sanskrit improves brain functioning. Students start getting better marks in other subjects like Mathematics, Science etc., which some people find difficult. It enhances the memory power. James Junior School, London, has made Sanskrit compulsory. Students of this school are among the toppers year after year. This has been followed by some schools in Ireland also.

        AMERICAN HINDU UNIVERSITY POINTED OUT: Research has shown that the phonetics of this language has roots in various energy points of the body and reading, speaking or reciting Sanskrit stimulates these points and raises the energy levels, whereby resistance against illnesses, relaxation to mind and reduction of stress are achieved. Sanskrit is the only language, which uses all the nerves of the tongue. By its pronunciation energy points in the body are activated that causes the blood circulation to improve. This, coupled with the enhanced brain functioning and higher energy levels, ensures better health. Blood Pressure, diabetes, cholesterol etc. are controlled.

        Simply putting, Sanskrit is the language which was well applicable when Hebrew was not even heard of and when Greece did not even existed.

        Sanskrit quotes:

        Surprisingly, it is not just a language. Sanskrit is the primordial conduit between Human Thought and the Soul; Physics and Metaphysics; Subtle and Gross; Culture and Art; Nature and its Author; Created and the Creator.

        Aren’t these facts enough for us to think of learning Sanskrit?


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